Dietary counselling for blood cholesterol from infancy to young adulthood: CVD risk prevention should start at early age

Atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) remains to be the leading cause of mortality and disability
worldwide. Atherosclerosis, the underlying cause of cardiovascular disease (CVD), begins early in life and
develops over several decades before CVD symptoms appear in middle or late adulthood (2,3). The early
onset of ASCVD emphasises the importance of primordial prevention and early intervention to prevent, slow
or potentially reverse progression. While most children and adolescents do not have CVD, many of them
have CVD related risk factors such as lack of physical activity and poor diet. Non-HDL-C is a lipoprotein
marker of all atherogenic apolipoprotein B-containing lipoproteins that tends to be stable from childhood to
adulthood. However, lifestyle can modulate it to some extent.